Ovarian cysts that are smaller tend to be asymptomatic; however larger cysts can show up the symptoms such as:

  • Painful abdomen
  • Bloating and indigestion
  • Lower back pain
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Pain in the lower right or left quadrant of abdomen
Ovarian cysts are tiny fluid filled sacs that are developed in the ovaries. Many of these are harmless, but some may be harmful as they have the tendency to rupture and bleed which are really painful.
During pregnancy the common type of ovarian cysts that affects are functional ovarian cysts which are discovered in the first trimester. Ovarian cysts during pregnancy resolveon their own before the child birth.
No! Not all typesovarian cysts are due to cancer, and having an ovarian cyst does not cause ovarian cancer. However, some type of ovarian cancers develops cystic areas inside the tumor. Ovarian cancer is less common than benign ovarian cysts comparatively.
  • Follicle cysts: Follicular cysts contain a follicle that has failed to rupture and filled with more fluid.
  • Corpus luteum cysts: Corpus luteum cysts occur when the follicle ruptures to release the egg, but seals up and swells with fluid. These cysts are painful and cause bleeding. When bleeding occurs in a functional cyst, is termed as hemorrhagic cyst.

Complex Ovarian Cysts

Some types of ovarian cysts can be associated with endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome (POS) and other conditions. Polycystic ovaries occur when the ovaries are too large and contain multiple tiny cysts on the outer edges.

Non-cancerous growths which develop from the outer lining tissue of the ovaries (cystadenomas), some cysts can also develop when the uterine lining tissue grows outside the uterus and adheres to the ovaries (endometrioma).

The below mentioned factors can increase the risk of developing ovarian cycts:

  • Obesity
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Endometriosis
  • Early menstruation
  • Infertility

There are different methods used for the diagnosis of ovarian cysts which lets the doctor confirm the presence of ovarian cysts, which include:

Pelvic and Transvaginal Ultrasound

  • A pelvic examination can detect the presence of ovarian cysts. A pelvis ultrasound helps the doctor in determining the nature of the cyst.
  • A transvaginal ultrasound is performed by inserting a probe into the vagina to examine the uterus and ovaries. This examination allows the doctor to view the cyst in a more detail way.
Ovarian cysts

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